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Concealment of damaged block transform coded images using projections onto convex sets

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2 Author(s)
Huifang Sun ; David Sarnoff Res. Center, Princeton, NJ, USA ; Kwok, W.

An algorithm for lost signal restoration in block-based still image and video sequence coding is presented. Problems arising from imperfect transmission of block-coded images result in lost blocks. The resulting image is flawed by the absence of square pixel regions that are notably perceived by human vision, even in real-time video sequences. Error concealment is aimed at masking the effect of missing blocks by use of temporal or spatial interpolation to create a subjectively acceptable approximation to the true error-free image. This paper presents a spatial interpolation algorithm that addresses concealment of lost image blocks using only intra-frame information. It attempts to utilize spatially correlated edge information from a large local neighborhood of surrounding pixels to restore missing blocks. The algorithm is a Gerchberg (1974) type spatial domain/spectral domain constraint-satisfying iterative process, and may be viewed as an alternating projections onto convex sets method

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )