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In-service evaluation of motor and generator stator windings using partial discharge tests

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2 Author(s)
Stone, G.C. ; IRIS Power Eng., Mississauga, Ont., Canada ; Sedding, H.G.

Partial discharges (corona) are a symptom of most types of deterioration of motor and generator stator windings rated 4 kV and above. Experience indicates that partial discharges occur years before failure. This leaves sufficient time to plan corrective maintenance to avoid the in-service failure of the motor or generator. This paper describes a new type of partial discharge test which can be performed by plant personnel during normal operation of the machine, thus enabling all users of large machines to plan maintenance. The key requirement of the new test is to remove all the interference caused by other sparking and discharging sources in a plant. Such noise has lead to false indications of stator winding deterioration in the past. The new test uses either high-voltage capacitive sensors, high-frequency current transformers, or 1000 MHz electromagnetic couplers to detect the discharge signals. These signals are processed on a pulse-by-pulse basis by a specialized electronic instrument to remove noise and the remaining partial discharges are then categorized according to number, magnitude, and phase position. The test has been implemented on over 100 machines, and the results appear promising

Published in:

Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 2 )