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TOPEX/Poseidon Microwave Radiometer (TMR). II. Antenna pattern correction and brightness temperature algorithm

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3 Author(s)
Janssen, M.A. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Ruf, C.S. ; Keihm, S.J.

For pt.I see ibid., vol.33, no.1, p.125-37 (1995). The calibrated antenna temperatures measured by the TOPEX Microwave Radiometer are used to derive radiometric brightness temperatures in the vicinity of the altimeter footprint. The basis for the procedure devised to do this-the antenna pattern correction and brightness temperature algorithm-is described in the paper, along with its associated uncertainties. The algorithm is based on knowledge of the antenna pattern, the ground-based measurements of which are presented along with their analyses. Using the results of these measurements, the authors perform an error analysis that yields the net uncertainties in the derived TMR footprint brightness temperatures. The net brightness temperature uncertainties range from 0.79 to 0.88 K for the three TMR frequencies, and include the radiometer calibration uncertainties which range from 0.54 to 0.57 K. the authors also derive an estimate of the uncertainty incurred by using brightness temperatures measured in the ~40 km TMR footprint to estimate path delay in the ~3 km altimeter footprint. The RMS difference in path delay averaged over the largest TMR footprint relative to that in the altimeter footprint is estimated to be about 0.3 cm. Finally, the authors discuss the error associated with using unequal beams at the three TMR frequencies to derive path delays, and describe an approach using along-track averaging of the algorithm brightness temperatures to reduce this error

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 1 )