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Parts of visual form: computational aspects

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2 Author(s)
K. Siddiqi ; Div. of Eng., Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA ; B. B. Kimia

Underlying recognition is an organization of objects and their parts into classes and hierarchies. A representation of parts for recognition requires that they be invariant to rigid transformations, robust in the presence of occlusions, stable with changes in viewing geometry, and be arranged in a hierarchy. These constraints are captured in a general framework using notions of a PART-LINE and a PARTITIONING SCHEME. A proposed general principle of “form from function” motivates a particular partitioning scheme involving two types of parts, neck-based and limb-based. Neck-based parts arise from narrowings in shape, or the local minima in distance between two points on the boundary, while limb-based parts arise from a pair of negative curvature minima which have “co-circular” tangents. In this paper, we present computational support for the limb-based and neck-based parts by showing that they are invariant, robust, stable and yield a hierarchy of parts. Examples illustrate that the resulting decompositions are robust in the presence of occlusion and clutter for a range of man-made and natural objects, and lead to natural and intuitive parts which can be used for recognition

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )