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Subpixel edge localization and the interpolation of still images

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2 Author(s)
Jensen, K. ; Box Hill Syst. Corp., New York, NY, USA ; Anastassiou, D.

In this paper, we present a nonlinear interpolation scheme for still image resolution enhancement. The algorithm is based on a source model emphasizing the visual integrity of detected edges and incorporates a novel edge fitting operator that has been developed for this application. A small neighborhood about each pixel in the low-resolution image is first mapped to a best-fit continuous space step edge. The bilevel approximation serves as a local template on which the higher resolution sampling grid can then be superimposed (where disputed values in regions of local window overlap are averaged to smooth errors). The result is an image of increased resolution with noticeably sharper edges and, in all tried cases, lower mean-squared reconstruction error than that produced by linear techniques

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 3 )