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TRACER-fpga: a router for RAM-based FPGA's

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4 Author(s)
Ching-Dong Chen ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Tsing Hua Univ., Hsin-Chu, Taiwan ; Yuh-Sheng Lee ; Wu, A.C.H. ; Youn-Long Lin

We describe a routing method for the design of a class of RAM-based field programmable gate arrays (FPGA). We model the interconnect resources as a graph. A routing solution is represented as a set of disjoint trees, each connecting all terminals of a net, on the graph. An expansion router is used for connecting a net. Initially, nets are connected independently of one another. Conflicts among nets over the usage of interconnect resources are resolved iteratively by a rip-up and rerouter, which is guided by a simulated evolution-based optimization technique. The proposed approach has been implemented in a program called TRACER-fpga. As compared with CGE and SEGA, TRACER-fpga in general requires fewer routing tracks at the expense of longer wiring delay. It is suitable for low-speed applications such as hardware emulation

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Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )