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Reconfiguration of VLSI arrays by covering

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3 Author(s)
Lombardi, Fabrizio ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA ; Sami, M.G. ; Stefanelli, R.

In VLSI arrays, redundant cells are added as spares. The proposed approach is applicable as an offline technique at either production time and/or run time. Reconfiguration is implemented by index mapping using a sequence of two operators. A reconfiguration algorithm which utilizes index mapping is proposed. This algorithm uses a new approach to the assignment problem. It is shown that reconfiguration of fault-free cells is equivalent to a covering of faulty cells by spare cells. It is also established that in a two-dimensional array the optimal spare assignment is given by a maximum matching. This translates to a maximum flow. It is shown that a variation of the matching preserves the optimality of the assignment, while reducing the time complexity of the reconfiguration algorithm Characterization theorems for index mapping and simulation results to substantiate the practicality of the approach are presented

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Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 9 )