Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Paraplegic standing controlled by functional neuromuscular stimulation. II. Computer simulation studies

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Gon Khang ; Veterans Adm. Med. Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Zajac, Felix E.

For pt.I see ibid., vol.36, no.9, p.873-84 (1989). Two types of body motion are simulated. The body position is assumed to be initially perturbed from the upright position, and all muscles are assumed inactive at the initial position. The control law developed in pt.I drives the body segments to the standing position. Arm movements are then applied to the body to investigate how performance is affected by an external disturbance. Simulated body motion indicated that the current output-feedback control law functions well. The body can recover upright posture from a highly fixed position, and the controller can then maintain the body near the vertical during arm movements. The simulation results showed three consistent activation patterns based on energy minimization: (1) no antagonistic muscle pairs are coactivated, (2) strong muscles are recruited before weak ones, and (3) fast muscles are recruited before slow ones.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 1989

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.