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Design of trellis coded QAM for flat fading and AWGN channels

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2 Author(s)
B. D. Jelicic ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA, USA ; S. Roy

The design of trellis coded modulation (TCM) schemes for QAM constellations to counteract simultaneous flat fading and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is considered. Motivated by the results of Divsalar and Simon (see IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.36, p.1004, 1988), and incorporating some recent ideas from Boulle and Belfiore (1992), we develop novel 2-D TCM schemes that attain diversity of order two even for a trellis structure that includes parallel paths with one symbol per edge. An algorithm is described that transforms codes designed for the AWGN channel into codes that achieve significant gains over flat fading channel, while preserving their coding gain over AWGN channel. Their performance is assessed via computer simulation for some representative TCM-QAM schemes under the assumption of uncorrelated fading and perfect channel state information (CSI). Finally, the effects of finite interleaving as well as imperfect CSI on code performance are investigated

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IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 1 )