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A set of algorithms linking NLMS and block RLS algorithms

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2 Author(s)
Montazeri, M. ; France Telecom, CNET, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France ; Duhamel, P.

This paper describes a set of block processing algorithms which contains as extremal cases the normalized least mean squares (NLMS) and the block recursive least squares (BRLS) algorithms. All these algorithms use small block lengths, thus allowing easy implementation and small input-output delay. It is shown that these algorithms require a lower number of arithmetic operations than the classical least mean squares (LMS) algorithm, while converging much faster. A precise evaluation of the arithmetic complexity is provided, and the adaptive behavior of the algorithm is analyzed. Simulations illustrate that the tracking characteristics of the new algorithm are also improved compared to those of the NLMS algorithm. The conclusions of the theoretical analysis are checked by simulations, illustrating that, even in the case where noise is added to the reference signal, the proposed algorithm allows altogether a faster convergence and a lower residual error than the NLMS algorithm. Finally, a sample-by-sample version of this algorithm is outlined, which is the link between the NLMS and recursive least squares (RLS) algorithms

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2 )