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Adaptive decision feedback equalization for digital satellite channels using multilayer neural networks

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2 Author(s)
Po-Rong Chang ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Bor-Chin Wang

This paper introduces an adaptive derision feedback equalization using the multilayer perceptron structure of an M-ary PSK signal through a TDMA satellite radio channel. The transmission is disturbed not only by intersymbol interference (ISI) and additive white Gaussian noise, but also by the nonlinearity of transmitter amplifiers. The conventional decision feedback equalizer (DFE) is not well-suited to detect the transmitted sequence, whereas the neural-based DFE is able to take into account the nonlinearities and therefore to detect the signal much better. Nevertheless, the applications of the traditional multilayer neural networks have been limited to real-valued signals. To overcome this difficulty, a neural-based DFE is proposed to deal with the complex PSK signal over the complex-valued nonlinear MPSK satellite channel without performing time-consuming complex-valued back-propagation training algorithms, while maintaining almost the same computational complexity as the original real-valued training algorithm. Moreover, a modified back-propagation algorithm with better convergence properties is derived on the basis of delta-bar-delta rule. Simulation results for the equalization of QPSK satellite channels show that the neural-based DFE provides a superior bit error rate performance relative to the conventional mean square DFE, especially in poor signal-to-noise ratio conditions

Published in:

Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1995

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