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Joint estimation of forward and backward motion vectors for interpolative prediction of video

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2 Author(s)
Siu-Wai Wu ; AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Gersho, A.

A low-complexity iterative algorithm is introduced for joint estimation of forward and backward motion vectors in interpolative prediction of video. Starting from the initial values obtained by a commonly-used block matching independent search method, the motion vectors are iteratively refined until a locally optimal solution to the motion estimation problem for interpolative prediction is achieved. Each iteration consists of a series of two similar procedures. First, the backward motion vector is fixed and a new forward motion vector is searched to minimize the interpolation error. Then the forward motion vector is fixed and the backward motion vector is similarly refined by minimizing the interpolation error. This process is repeated until the interpolation error stops decreasing. Computer simulation results demonstrate that with this technique the prediction error in some scenes is significantly reduced

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 5 )