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Magnetic field sensors using GMR multilayer

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6 Author(s)
Daughton, J. ; Nonvolatile Electron Inc., Eden Prairie, MN, USA ; Brown, J. ; Chen, E. ; Beech, R.
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Wheatstone bridge magnetic field sensors using giant magnetoresistive ratio (GMR) multilayers were designed, fabricated, and evaluated. The GMR ranged from 10% to 20% with saturation fields of 60 Oe to 300 Oe. The multilater resistances decreased linearly with magnetic field and showed little hysteresis. In one sensor configuration, a permanent magnet bias was placed between two pairs of magnetoresistors, each pair representing opposite legs of the bridge. This sensor gave a bipolar bridge output whose output range was approximately GMR times the bridge source voltage. The second sensor configuration used shielding on one resistor pair, and it gave a bridge output dependent on the magnetic field magnitude, but not polarity, and the output range was approximately one half GMR tines the bridge source voltage. Field amplifications of 3 to 6 were accomplished by creating a gap in a low reluctance magnetic path, thus providing the full range of outputs with 1/3 to 1/6 of the intrinsic saturation fields of the GMR multilayers

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 6 )