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Reduced instruction set computer architecture

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1 Author(s)

A tutorial on the reduced instruction set computer (RISC) approach is presented and the key design issues involved in RISC architecture are highlighted. The results of a number of studies on the instruction execution characteristics of compiled high-level-language programs are examined first. The results of these studies inspired the RISC movement. Approaches to tree key RISC design issues are then summarized: optimized register usage, reduced instruction sets, and pipelining. As examples, an experimental system, the Berkeley RISC and a commercial system, the MIPS R2000, are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of a RISC versus CISC (complex instruction set computer) architecture are also discussed

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Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:76 ,  Issue: 1 )