By Topic

Measurements of sound scattering as a means of examining ecological interactions between marine organisms and their environment

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
M. C. Macaulay ; Appl. Phys. Lab., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA

Significant advances in hydroacoustic systems have occurred in recent years and the availability and application of such systems has greatly improved the quality of quantitative sound scattering measurements from towed and moored sensors. There remain questions of relating the quantity of sound scatter observed (a highly precise measurement) to the quantity of biota or other material causing reflections or volume reverberation (a less well understood process, where behavior of the ensonified organisms causes variation in their target strength). Measurements of sound scattering coupled to directed sampling of target organisms (using nets or video) frequently reveals many aspects of interactions between organisms and their environment. This paper presents methods and examples of measurements and comparisons between sound scatter, causative organisms, and environmental data

Published in:

OCEANS '93. Engineering in Harmony with Ocean. Proceedings

Date of Conference:

18-21 Oct 1993