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Estimation of frequency-delay of arrival (FDOA) using fourth-order statistics in unknown correlated Gaussian noise sources

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2 Author(s)
Dae C.Shin ; Signal & Image Process. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Nikias, C.L.

A new family of nonparametric and parametric methods based on fourth-order statistics for the estimation of the frequency-delay of arrival (FDOA) between two sensor signal measurements, corrupted by correlated Gaussian noise sources in an unknown way, is presented. The new family of FDOA estimation methods utilizes the fourth-order cumulants or 1-D Fourier transforms of sliced fourth-order cumulants of the two signal measurements. It is demonstrated that the new family of FDOA estimation methods suppresses the effect due to correlated Gaussian measurement noises and outperforms existing second-order statistics-based FDOA estimation methods using either cross-ambiguity function or MUSIC algorithm. Various simulation results are presented for different types of signals, different lengths of data, and different signal-to-noise ratios

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 10 )