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End-to-end performance models for variable bit rate voice over tandem links in packet networks

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2 Author(s)
Dravida, S. ; AT&T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Sriram, K.

Analytical models are presented for computing the end-to-end voice call performance in a packet network that drops the less significant bits in voice packets during periods of congestion. These models provide information about the end-to-end quality likely to be experienced in future packet-switched integrated services networks. An existing single-node bit-dropping model is modified to include the situation resulting when the overall arrival process at an internal node consists of a mix of packets of different sizes due to bit dropping at previous nodes. A detailed model to capture bit-dropping effects in a tandem connection of nodes is presented. The model includes the effect of load fluctuations at each node, and also takes into account the dependencies in bit dropping experienced by a voice packet at successive nodes in a tandem connection. The model also incorporates the internodal dependence when reductions in packet service times occur at intermediate nodes due to bit dropping at previous nodes. Two approximation procedures are discussed that serve as upper and lower bounds. In particular, the upper bound is shown to be very tight for a practical range of loads, and hence serves as a good approximation with significant computational simplicity

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 5 )