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Lesion detectability considerations for an optically-coupled CCD X-ray imaging system

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5 Author(s)
Liu, H. ; Dept. of Radiol., Massachusetts Univ. Med. Center, Worcester, MA, USA ; Karellas, A. ; Moore, S.C. ; Harris, L.J.
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This project was aimed at investigating the lesion detectability of an optically-coupled CCD X-ray imaging system. The quasi-ideal observer signal-to-noise ratio (also called lesion-matched filter signal-to-noise ratio) was calculated for various clinical applications. This analysis differs from that of previous investigations in that the authors have analyzed jointly the effect of quantum noise and additive noise; they have also analyzed the combined effect of the contrast transfer property and the resolving power of the system. Numerical calculations were performed to determine lesion detectability and contrast-detail curves under mammographic and other clinical conditions. A standard mammographic phantom and a contrast detail phantom were imaged to validate the calculation. The results demonstrate that the lesion detectability of a well designed optically-coupled CCD can be comparable to that of the state-of-the-art screen-film system under the same conditions

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )