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On the influence of coding on the mean time to failure for degrading memories with defects

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2 Author(s)
Vinck, H. ; Eindhoven Univ. of Technol., Netherlands ; Post, K.

The application of a combined test-error-correcting procedure is studied to improve the mean time to failure (MTTF) for degrading memory systems with defects. The degradation is characterized by the probability p that within a unit of time a memory cell changes from the operational state to the permanent defect state. Bounds are given on the MTTF and it is shown that, for memories with N words of k information bits, coding gives an improvement in MTTF proportional to (k/n) N(dmin-2)/(dmin -1), where dmin and (k/n) are the minimum distance and the efficiency of the code used, respectively. Thus the time gain for a simple minimum-distance-3 is proportional to N-1. A memory word test is combined with a simple defect-matching code. This yields reliable operation with one defect in a word of length k+2 at a code efficiency k/(k+2)

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 4 )