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Nonparametric time series analysis for periodically correlated processes

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1 Author(s)
Hurd, H.L. ; Harry L. Hurd Associates, Raleigh, NC, USA

Correlation functions of continuous-time periodically correlated processes can be represented by a Fourier series with coefficient functions. It is shown that the usual estimator for stationary covariances, formed from a single sample path of the process, can be simply modified to provide a consistent (in quadratic mean) estimator for any of the coefficient functions resulting from the aforementioned representation. It is shown that, if the process is Gaussian and B k(τ) is a Fourier integral with respect to a density function gk(λ), a two-dimensional periodogram, formed from a single sample function, can be smoothed along a line of constant difference frequency to provide a consistent estimator for gk(λ). This natural extension of the well-known procedure for stationary processes provides a method for nonparametric spectral analysis of periodically correlated processes

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 2 )