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UN-MUSIC and UN-CLE: an application of generalized correlation analysis to the estimation of the direction of arrival of signals in unknown correlated noise

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2 Author(s)
Qiang Wu ; Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada ; Kon Max Wong

A new approach is proposed for the consistent estimation of the directions of arrival (DOA) of signals in an unknown spatially-correlated noise environment. The signal and noise model used is based on the assumption that the data are received by two arrays well separated so that their noise outputs are uncorrelated. The generalized correlation decomposition of the cross-correlation matrix between the two arrays is then introduced. Of particular interest is the canonical correlation decomposition. The analysis of the generalized correlation leads to various interesting geometric and asymptotic properties of the eigenspace structure. Two algorithms, UN-MUSIC and UN-CLE, are developed to estimate the DOA of signals in unknown spatially correlated noise based on the utilization of these properties. Computer simulations show that these methods are superior in performance compared to conventional methods. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the new methods are equally effective even when only one sensor array is employed

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 9 )