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Piezoelectric properties and temperature stability of poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluorethylene) copolymers

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2 Author(s)
Stack, G.M. ; US Naval Res. Lab., Orlando, FL, USA ; Ting, R.Y.

Piezoelectric measurements were made on several copolymers of vinylidene fluoride and trifluorethylene having a vinylidene fluoride concentration in the range of 65-70%. The hydrostatic g constant showed only a slight dependence on pressure, and pressures up to 35 MPa caused no apparent loss of the piezoelectric activity. A significant increase in the value of the hydrostatic g constant was observed both at temperatures above and considerably below the room temperature. The anomalous result obtained upon cooling below the room temperature can be attributed to the glass transition temperature of the trifluoroethylene comonomer. Temperature aging studies were performed at high temperatures using films of these copolymers. A significant loss of piezoelectric activity occurred after long-time exposure. Isothermal studies at various aging temperatures revealed that this decay continued over a long time span. The aging behavior characteristically followed a linear dependence on the logarithm of aging time.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 4 )