By Topic

Explicit graphs in a functional model for spatial databases

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Erwig, M. ; Fern Univ., Hagen, Germany ; Guting, R.H.

Observing that networks are ubiquitous in applications for spatial databases, we define a new data model and query language that especially supports graph structures. This model integrates concepts of functional data modeling with order-sorted algebra. Besides object and data type hierarchies, graphs are available as an explicit modeling tool, and graph operations are part of the query language. Graphs have three classes of components, namely, nodes, edges, and explicit paths. These are at the same time object types within the object type hierarchy and can be used like any other type. Explicit paths are useful because real-world objects often correspond to paths in a network. Furthermore, a dynamic generalization concept is introduced to handle heterogeneous collections of objects in a query. In connection with spatial data types, this leads to powerful modeling and querying capabilities for spatial databases, in particular for spatially embedded networks such as highways, rivers, public transport, and so forth. We use multilevel order-sorted algebra as a formal framework for the specification of our model. Roughly spoken, the first-level algebra defines types and operations of the query language, whereas the second-level algebra defines kinds (collections of types) and type constructors as functions between kinds, and so provides the types that can be used at the first level

Published in:

Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 5 )