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The perturbation characterization of reverberation from a wind-generated bubbly ocean surface. I. Theory and a comparison of backscattering strength predictions with data

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1 Author(s)
E. Y. T. Kuo ; Naval Underwater Warfare Center, New London, CT, USA

A joint surface roughness/volumetric perturbation scattering theory is utilized to characterize bubbly ocean surface reverberation. Backscattering strength predictions are shown to be consistent with observed reverberation phenomena such as critical wind speeds, excess levels due to volumetric scattering, and saturation

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )