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Intensity and phase statistics of multilook polarimetric and interferometric SAR imagery

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4 Author(s)
Jong-Sen Lee ; Div. of Remote Sensing, Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; Hoppel, K.W. ; Mango, S.A. ; Miller, A.R.

Polarimetric and interferometric SAR data are frequently multilook processed for speckle reduction and data compression. The statistical characteristics of multilook data are quite different from those of single-look data. The authors investigate the statistics of their intensity and phase. Probability density function (PDF's) of the multilook phase difference, magnitude of complex product, and intensity and amplitude ratios between two components of the scattering matrix are derived, and expressed in closed forms. The PDF's depend on the complex correlation coefficient and the number of looks. Comparisons of these theoretically derived PDF's are made to measurements from NASA/JPL AIRSAR data. The results of this paper can be applied to feature classification using polarimetric SAR and to the estimation of decorrelation effects of the interferometric SAR

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 5 )