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The first stimulators-reviewing the history of electrical stimulation and the devices crucial to its development

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1 Author(s)
Geddes, L.A. ; Potter Eng. Center, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA

The following topics are discussed: the capacitor-discharge stimulator; empirical strength-duration curve; theoretical strength-duration curve; basis for stimulation; galvanic (direct-current) stimulation; Daniell cell; Grove (Bunsen) cell; Leclanche cell; interrupted direct-current stimulators; the inductorium; Galvanic-Faradic stimuli to diagnose nerve injury; modern stimulators.<>

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )