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Theoretical and experimental SAR distributions for interstitial dipole antenna arrays used in hyperthermia

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4 Author(s)
K. M. Jones ; LTX Corp., Westwood, MA, USA ; J. A. Mechling ; J. W. Strohbehn ; B. S. Trembly

Theoretical predictions and experimental measurements of power deposition in muscle tissue phantoms are compared for various arrays of microwave dipole antennas used for hyperthermia cancer therapy. The antennas are linear coaxial dipoles which are inserted into small nylon catheters implanted in the tumor volume. The specific absorption rate (SAR) patterns for a 2-cm square array of four 915-MHz antennas are presented for both resonant and nonresonant dipoles. Arrays of dipoles with lengths much shorter than the resonant half-wavelength have a far more reactive input impedance and a much smaller absolute SAR magnitude in the array center than is seen for arrays of resonant dipoles, and the maximum SAR shifts from the array center to the antenna surfaces. The absolute length of the volume heated by the small-diameter antennas with the longer half-wavelength was longer than that of the larger-diameter antennas. SAR distributions for 4-cm square arrays of eight and nine antennas fed with equal amplitude and phase are also compared. It is shown that much of the array volume has a power deposition less than 25% of the maximum SAR and that the distribution is nonuniform for both the eight- and nine-antenna configurations

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IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 8 )