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Integration of absolute ventricular fibrillation voltage correlates with successful defibrillation

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5 Author(s)
Kuelz, K.W. ; Med. Coll. of Virginia, Richmond, VA, USA ; Peng-Wie Hsia ; Wise, R.M. ; Mahmud, R.
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Previous work has suggested that at higher absolute ventricular fibrillation voltages (AVFV), the heart is more amenable to defibrillation. This study investigated in a canine model whether voltage integration of the AVFV is associated with the defibrillation success rate. The moving-average filter was used to process the ventricular fibrillation (VF) waveform recorded from Lead II of the electrocardiogram (ECG). In seven animals, defibrillation trials were analyzed using a DC shock (DCS) successful approximately 50% of the time when delivered randomly. For each of a total of 84 DCS (40% successes, 60% failures), the fibrillation waveform just prior to DCS was analyzed. The integration of the AVPV waveform was performed over various sample sizes including 1, 4, 8, 16, 64, and 128 ms, as well as the time equal to the mean VF cycle length. The results suggest that dc shocks delivered at instants of higher values of integrated AVFV over the various window sizes are associated with successful defibrillation. Window sizes less than 16 ms appeared to offer the best discrimination. The integration of AVFV over the entire VF cycle length was significantly higher for successful rather than unsuccessful DCS. This interesting observation is consistent with the clinical observation that "coarse" VF (high AVFV) is easier to defibrillate than "fine" VF (low AVFV). The use of voltage integration of AVFV may have potential implications in the improvement of defibrillation success in implantable devices.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 8 )