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An apparatus using the Faraday effect to locate the magnetic axis of quadrupole magnets

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1 Author(s)
Le Bars, J. ; CEA, Centre d''Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

A development using magneto-optic sensors is underway for the location of the magnetic center of long, small aperture, superconducting quadrupole magnets. The paper describes the measuring methods and the preliminary results which have been obtained with gradients from 2.5 T/m to 10 T/m. The sensors are made of magneto-optic garnets using the Faraday effect which changes an incident beam of linearly polarized light into a transmitted beam of elliptically polarized light. An optical fiber bundle (Ø<20 μm) carries the incident light to a polarized film, put above the magneto optic sensor. An analyzer film collects the transmitted light. A second optic fiber bundle carries this light toward a visual (microscope, video camera) or analogic data acquisition system. Furthermore, a level is associated with these crystals to determine the gravity direction. The “mole” is moving along the axis of a warm bore tube when the magnet is superconducting. The present results are promising for measuring quadrupoles of much higher gradients, up to 100 T/m

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )