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High-temperature superconducting current leads for micro-SMES application

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6 Author(s)

SMES is being applied on a microscale (1-10 MJ stored energy) to improve electrical power quality. A major portion of the SMES refrigeration load is for cooling conventional (copper, vapor-cooled) current leads that transfer energy between the magnet and the power-conditioning equipment. The lead refrigeration load can be reduced significantly by the use of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs). An HTS current lead suitable for micro-SMES application has been designed. The lower stage of the lead employs HTSs. A transition between the lower stage and the conventional upper-stage lead is heat-intercepted by a cryocooler. Details of the design are presented. Construction and operating experiences are discussed

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )