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The overview and history of permanent magnet devices in accelerator technology

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1 Author(s)
Kraus, R.H., Jr. ; Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA

This paper looks at the early history of accelerator development with a particular focus on the important discoveries that opened the door for the application of permanent-magnet materials this area of science. Researchers began to permanent-magnet materials in particle accelerators soon after the invention of the alternating gradient principle, that showed magnetic fields could be used to control the transverse envelope of charged-particle beams. Since that time, permanent-magnet materials have found wide application in the modern charged particle accelerator. A brief history of permanent-magnet use in accelerator physics and technology is outlined, some of the general design considerations are presented, and several material of concern for particle accelerator are discussed

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )