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Earth ground resistance testing for low voltage power systems

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1 Author(s)
Michaels, K.M. ; Consumers Power Co., Holt, MI, USA

A quality connection to earth through the grounding electrode system for a commercial or industrial facility's power system is necessary for (1) providing a low impedance path for lightning stroke current dissipation, (2) the reduction of “Step” and “Touch” potentials under line-to-earth fault conditions, and (3) the dissipation of electrostatic charges. Previously accepted test methods for resistance measurements of a grounding electrode system may incorrectly indicate that high or low resistance connections have been established. Testing of several grounding electrode systems was conducted by the author. This paper presents results of these tests to illustrate deficiencies in grounding electrode resistance test methods that have been previously accepted. Inaccuracies of various test instrument principles are also discussed. The author found that close attention to the test procedure must be given to ensure that an accurate measurement will be achieved. This paper provides recommendations on measurement techniques to minimize errors and ensure valid test results

Published in:

Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference, 1994. Conference Record, Papers Presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting, 1994 IEEE

Date of Conference:

1-5 May 1994