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The main transforms of Cohen's class allow signal representation simultaneously in time and frequency domains. Wavelet transforms make it possible to link the temporal window width to the analyzing frequency and leads to a "modified wavelet transform" which improves resolution both in time and frequency. A simulation study illustrates the artifacts of every time-frequency representation on pure sinusoids and gives performance evaluation of the different methods when searching a sinusoid embedded in a QRS complex. Analyses of real signals from healthy and pathological subjects confirm the simulation results and complete the characterization of ventricular late potentials yet detected by signal averaging.