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Measurement of the space charge field in transformer oil using its Kerr effect

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2 Author(s)
Mahajan, S.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Tennessee Technol. Univ., Cookeville, TN, USA ; Sudarshan, T.S.

Nonuniform electric fields >80 kV/cm, have been measured via a relative optical intensity measurement by exploiting the Kerr effect in transformer oil. Transformer oil was used as a Kerr medium in these measurements. Neither a knowledge of the Kerr coefficient nor the actual value of maximum transmitted intensity are required to obtain the absolute value of the electric fields. Electric fields were measured with ac and dc excitations. Space charges resulting from charge injection have been found in transformer oil at room temperature under electric stresses >150 kV/cm with ac excitation and 90 kV/cm under dc excitation. The magnitudes of space charges in transformer oil with ac applied voltages varied from 2 to 50 nC/cm3. The magnitudes of space charges with dc excitation varied from 60 pC/cm3 to 10 nC/cm3. The results illustrate the limitations of the electro-optic technique for investigations of the interfacial electric fields (gas-solid) with transformer oil as the Kerr medium

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )