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ANN implementation of stereo vision using a multi-layer feedback architecture

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2 Author(s)
Mousavi, M.S. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Clemson Univ., SC, USA ; Schalkoff, R.J.

An artificial neural network (ANN), consisting of three interacting neural modules, is developed for stereo vision. The first module locates sharp intensity changes in each of the images. The edge detection process is basically a bottom-up, one-to-one input-output mapping process with a network structure which is time-invariant. In the second module, a multilayered connectionist network is used to extract the features or primitives For disparity analysis (matching). A similarity measure is defined and computed for each pair of primitive matches and is passed to the third module. The third module solves the difficult correspondence problem by mapping it into a constraint satisfaction problem. Intra- and inter-scanline constraints are used in order to restrict possible feature matches. The inter-scanline constraints are implemented via interconnections of a three-dimensional neural network. The overall process is iterative. At the end of each network iteration, the output of the third constraint satisfaction module feeds back updated information on matching pairs as well as their corresponding location in the left and right images to the input of the second module. This iterative process continues until the output of the third module converges to a stable state. Once the matching process is completed, the disparity can be calculated, and camera calibration parameters can be used to find the three-dimensional location of object points. Results using this computational architecture are shown

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 8 )