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Application of higher order spectral analysis to cubically nonlinear system identification

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2 Author(s)
Nam, S.W. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; Powers, E.J.

In this study, digital higher-order spectral analysis and frequency-domain Volterra system models are utilized to yield a practical methodology for the identification of weakly nonlinear time-invariant systems up to third order. The primary focus is on consideration of random excitation of nonlinear systems and, thus, the approach makes extensive use of higher-order spectral analysis to determine the frequency-domain Volterra kernels, which correspond to linear, quadratic, and cubic transfer functions. Although the Volterra model is nonlinear in terms of its input, it is linear in terms of its unknown transfer functions. Thus, a least squares approach is used to determine the optimal (in a least squares sense) set of linear, quadratic, and cubic transfer functions. Of particular practical note, is the fact that the approach of this paper is valid for non-Gaussian, as well as Gaussian, random excitation. It may also be utilized for multitone inputs. The complexity of the problem addressed in this paper arises from two principal causes: (1) the necessity to work in a 3D frequency space to describe cubically nonlinear systems, and (2) the necessity to characterize the non-Gaussian random excitation by computing higher-order spectral moments up to sixth order. A detailed description of the approach used to determine the nonlinear transfer functions, including considerations necessary for digital implementation, is presented

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 7 )