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Histogram-based morphological edge detector

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4 Author(s)
S. Krishnamurthy ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA, USA ; S. S. Iyengar ; R. J. Holyer ; M. Lybanon

Presents a new edge detector for automatic extraction of oceanographic (mesoscale) features present in infrared (IR) images obtained from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). Conventional edge detectors are very sensitive to edge fine structure, which makes it difficult to distinguish the weak gradients that are useful in this application from noise. Mathematical morphology has been used in the past to develop efficient and statistically robust edge detectors. Image analysis techniques use the histogram for operations such as thresholding and edge extraction in a local neighborhood in the image. An efficient computational framework is discussed for extraction of mesoscale features present in IR images. The technique presented in the present article, called the Histogram-Based Morphological Edge detector (HMED), extracts all the weak gradients, yet retains the edge sharpness in the image. A new morphological operation defined in the domain of the histogram of an image is also presented. An interesting experimental result was found by applying the HMED technique to oceanographic data in which certain features are known to have edge gradients of varying strength

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 4 )