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Experimental determination of the impulse response of cascade arcs using a correlation technique

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2 Author(s)
S. W. Simpson ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sydney Univ., NSW, Australia ; P. J. Seebacher

Low-current cascade arcs are one of the simplest configurations for investigating the behaviour of low-temperature arcs. In cascade experiments, arc conditions may be strictly controlled, in which case the results become reproducible, allowing detailed measurements of high resolution to be made. The response of cascade arcs to a small change in the current gives insights into the physical processes taking place in an arc, such as ionization/recombination, diffusion and energy transfer between the electrons and the heavy particles. In this work, a new method of measuring time constants is described, in which correlation techniques utilising a pseudo-random binary sequence are employed to deduce the impulse response of the arc. This type of experiment provides a useful check on the validity of the collision models used for the reaction processes in the arc plasma and it is planned to investigate other gases in the future. In this paper, the experimental arrangement and the data analysis are discussed and experimental results are presented

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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )