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On contact resistance measurement using four-terminal Kelvin structures in advanced double-polysilicon bipolar transistor processes

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4 Author(s)
Zhang, S.‐L. ; R. Inst. of Technol., Kista, Sweden ; Ostling, M. ; Norstrom, H. ; Arnborg, T.

The contact between a polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon) layer and a silicon substrate is investigated for an advanced double-polysilicon bipolar transistor process. Contact resistances are measured using four-terminal cross bridge Kelvin structures. The specific contact resistivity of the interface and the sheet resistance of the doped substrate region directly underneath the contact are extracted using a two-dimensional simulation model originally developed for metal-semiconductor contacts. The extracted sheet resistance values are found to be larger than those measured using van der Pauw structures combined with anodic oxidation and oxide removal. During the fabrication of the contacts, epitaxial realignment of the polysilicon in accordance to the substrate orientation and severe interdiffusion of dopants across the interface take place, which complicate the characterization. The validity of the two-dimensional simulation model applied to the poly-mono silicon contact is discussed

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 8 )