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Document image decoding using Markov source models

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2 Author(s)
Kopec, G.E. ; Inf. Sci. & Technol. Lab., Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA ; Chou, P.A.

Document image decoding (DID) is a communication theory approach to document image recognition. In DID, a document recognition problem is viewed as consisting of three elements: an image generator, a noisy channel and an image decoder. A document image generator is a Markov source (stochastic finite-state automaton) that combines a message source with an imager. The message source produces a string of symbols, or text, that contains the information to be transmitted. The imager is modeled as a finite-state transducer that converts the 1D message string into an ideal 2D bitmap. The channel transforms the ideal image into a noisy observed image. The decoder estimates the message, given the observed image, by finding the a posteriori most probable path through the combined source and channel models using a Viterbi-like dynamic programming algorithm. The proposed approach is illustrated on the problem of decoding scanned telephone yellow pages to extract names and numbers from the listings. A finite-state model for yellow page columns was constructed and used to decode a database of scanned column images containing about 1100 individual listings

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 6 )