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Spectral decomposition of time-frequency distribution kernels

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1 Author(s)
Amin, M.G. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Villanova Univ., PA, USA

This paper addresses the general problem of approximating a given time-frequency distribution (TFD) in terms of other distributions with desired properties. It relates the approximation of two time-frequency distributions to their corresponding kernel approximation. It is shown that the singular-value decomposition (SVD) of the time-frequency (t-f) kernels allows the expression of the time-frequency distributions in terms of weighted sum of smoothed pseudo Wigner-Ville distributions or modified periodograms, which are the two basic nonparametric power distributions for stationary and nonstationary signals, respectively. The windows appearing in the decomposition take zero and/or negative values and, therefore, are different than the time and lag windows commonly employed by these two distributions. The centrosymmetry and the time-support properties of the kernels along with the fast decay of the singular values lead to computational savings and allow for an efficient reduced rank kernel approximations

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 1994

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