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Review of the damped least-squares inverse kinematics with experiments on an industrial robot manipulator

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3 Author(s)
Chiaverini, S. ; Dipartimento di Inf. e Sistemistica, Naples Univ., Italy ; Siciliano, B. ; Egeland, O.

The goal of this paper is to present experimental results on the implementation of the damped least-squares method for the six-joint ABB IRb2000 industrial robot manipulator. A number of inverse kinematics schemes are reviewed which allow robot control through kinematic singularities. The basic scheme adopts a damped least-squares inverse of the manipulator Jacobian with a varying damping factor acting in the neighborhood of singularities. The effect of a weighted damped least-squares solution is investigated to provide user-defined accuracy capabilities along prescribed end-effector space directions. An online estimation algorithm is employed to measure closeness to singular configurations. A feedback correction error term is introduced to ensure algorithm tracking convergence and its effect on the joint velocity solution is discussed. Computational aspects are discussed in view of real-time implementation of the proposed schemes. Experimental case studies are developed to investigate manipulator performance in the case of critical end-effector trajectories passing through and near the shoulder and wrist singularities of the structure

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Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 2 )