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Novel realization of monotonic Butterworth-type lowpass, highpass, and bandpass optical filters using phase-modulated fiber-optic interferometers and ring resonators

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2 Author(s)
Ngo, N.Q. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Syst. Eng., Monash Univ., Clayton, Vic., Australia ; Le Nguyen Binh

A novel realization of monotonic Butterworth-type lowpass, highpass, and bandpass optical filters (from their electrical digital filter characteristics) by cascading the all-pole and all-zero resonators is presented. A graphical method for fast derivation of the transfer functions, quick inspection of the resonance effects, and important characteristics of any photonic circuits is described. It is shown that incorporation of the optical amplifiers and optical phase modulators into the delay lines of two basic optical resonators, whose pole and zero can be adjusted independently of each other, provides great design flexibility which would otherwise not possible using conventional passive optical resonators. Possible applications of these optical filters as optical pulse equalizers and receiver shaping filters in long-haul coherent lightwave transmission systems are discussed. Possible application of basic resonators comprising of optical phase modulators as tunable optical filters for spectrum analyzers is also considered

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 5 )