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Determining cardiac velocity fields and intraventricular pressure distribution from a sequence of ultrafast CT cardiac images

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5 Author(s)
Song, S.M. ; Radiological Sci. Lab., Stanford Univ., CA, USA ; Leahy, R.M. ; Boyd, Douglas P. ; Brundage, B.H.
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A method of computing the velocity field and pressure distribution from a sequence of ultrafast CT (UFCT) cardiac images is demonstrated. UFCT multi-slice cine imaging gives a series of tomographic slices covering the volume of the heart at a rate of 17 frames per second. The complete volume data set can be modeled using equations of continuum theory and through regularization, velocity vectors of both blood and tissue can be determined at each voxel in the volume. The authors present a technique to determine the pressure distribution throughout the volume of the left ventricle using the computed velocity field. A numerical algorithm is developed by discretizing the pressure Poisson equation (PPE), which Is based on the Navier-Stokes equation. The algorithm is evaluated using a mathematical phantom of known velocity and pressure-Couette flow. It is shown that the algorithm based on the PPE can reconstruct the pressure distribution using only the velocity data. Furthermore, the PPE is shown to be robust in the presence of noise. The velocity field and pressure distribution derived from a UFCT study of a patient are also presented

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 2 )