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Two-dimensional coherent laser arrays using grating surface emission

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13 Author(s)
G. A. Evans ; David Sarnoff Res. Center, Princeton, NJ, USA ; N. W. Carlson ; J. M. Hammer ; M. Lurie
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The concepts, fabrication, and operating characteristics of monolithic two-dimensional, coherent AlGaAs laser arrays are presented. The arrays consist of 100 (10×10) active elements fabricated from a single-quantum-well graded-index separate-confinement heterostructure laser geometry. A surface relief grating is used for feedback and outcoupling. The elements of the array are index-guided ridge lasers with evanescent or Y coupling in the lateral direction and injection coupling longitudinally. The far field emanating from a 60-μm×5-mm aperture, measures 0.01°×1°. These arrays emit more than 1 W peak power into a 2-Å wavelength interval. By adjusting the drive current to the electrically independent gain sections of these arrays, the angular position of the far-field beam can be steered

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IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 6 )