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Optical gain in GaAs/GaAlAs graded-index separate-confinement single-quantum-well heterostructures

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5 Author(s)
L. D. Zhu ; Inst. of Semicond., Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing, China ; B. D. Zheng ; Z. Y. Xu ; J. Z. Xu
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Optical model gain in both the TE and TM polarizations of graded-index separate-confinement single-quantum-well heterostructure lasers measured at various levels of injection current on samples with different quantum-well widths is discussed. Lasers with wide quantum wells (⩾120 Å) have emission and gain spectra which exhibit two peaks, caused by the n=1 and n=2 subband transitions. With ordinary cavity parameters, the saturation gain of the n=1 subband transitions is lower than the cavity loss of the laser, and the lasers always lase at the n=2 transitions. Reducing the quantum-well width increases the saturation gain of the n=1 transitions enough to allow lasing from them, even in cases of higher cavity loss. Further, for a fixed cavity loss, reduction of the quantum-well width decreases the threshold current density for n =1 lasing transitions, while that for n=2 lasing increases. The superlinear increase of the material gain with the decrease of the well width reduces the minimum cavity length for n =1 subband lasing. Narrower quantum wells with higher mirror reflectivity allow shorter cavity lengths while retaining n=1 lasing, resulting in low threshold current

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 6 )