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Polarization state of the emission of external grating diode lasers

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3 Author(s)
Syvridis, D. ; Inst. of Quantum Electron., Swiss Federal Inst. of Technol., Zurich, Switzerland ; Inaudi, D. ; Guekos, G.

The laser emission of transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) polarization, in alternating successive spectral ranges, that can occur when external grating diode lasers are wavelength tuned, is theoretically and experimentally investigated. The modulated threshold gain curves of the external cavity for the two polarizations can be made to intersect with each other if a grating is used in such a way as to practically eliminate the difference between the laser diode losses and confinement factors for TE and TM polarization. The result is a sequence of wavelength ranges where the threshold gain is alternately lower for the TE resp. TM polarization. Within each range, a wavelength tunable single mode laser emission is obtained. The phenomenon is described, taking into account the characteristics of the key components of the external cavity, i.e., laser diode structure, antireflective (AR) coating, and grating efficiency. Design tools are proposed for the characteristics of the components necessary for the development of such an external cavity. The theoretical and design concepts are experimentally confirmed in a number of external cavities, using diode lasers emitting around 1.5 μm, with different types of antireflective coatings, as well as different grating configurations

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )