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Space-frequency localized image compression

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2 Author(s)
Wong, P.W. ; Hewlett-Packard Co., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Noyes, S.

Subband and wavelet-based image compression can be viewed as frequency oriented techniques because each subimage in the decomposition is essentially a band-pass version of the original image. The authors suggest a space-frequency partition scheme to fully exploit the excellent localization properties of wavelets in both the spatial and frequency domains. Due to the relatively large number of blocks in this partition compared with traditional subband coders, the rate required for communicating the quantizer configurations must be taken into account. An iterative bit allocation algorithm is suggested that minimizes the mean square error given the overall rate for specifying the quantization configuration and for quantizing the wavelet coefficients. Images encoded using scalar quantization under this scheme show improvements in PSNR versus rate over traditional subband and wavelet-based methods

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )