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Effect of the periacetabular osteotomy on the stress on the human hip joint articular surface

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5 Author(s)
Iglic, A. ; Fac. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Ljubljana Univ., Slovenia ; Iglic, V.K. ; Antolic, V. ; Srakar, F.
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Long-lasting over-elevated stress on the hip joint articular surface can damage the articular cartilage and is connected with arthrosis development. Periacetabular pelvic osteotomy is performed in order to prevent arthrosis development in different cases of residual hip dysplasia where the stress on the hip joint articular surface is increased because of inadequate femoral head coverage, i.e., too small hip joint weight bearing area. The aim of this work is to estimate a decrease of the stress on the hip joint articular surface after the periacetabular osteotomy. For this purpose, a three-dimensional mathematical model is constructed taking into account the spherical shape of the femoral head and of the acetabulum inner surface before and after the operation. On the basis of the presented results it is concluded that while performing the periacetabular osteotomy the proximal part of the acetabulum should be rotated over the femoral head in lateral direction with the simultaneous medial displacement of the whole joint. In this way postoperative stress on the hip joint articular surface is reduced to the greatest extent

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Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 4 )