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Adaptive binary sorting schemes and associated interconnection networks

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2 Author(s)
Chien, M.V. ; PRC Inc., McLean, VA, USA ; Oruc, A.Y.

Many routing problems in parallel processing, such as concentration and permutation problems, can be cast as sorting problems. In this paper, we consider the problem of sorting on a new model, called an adaptive sorting network. We show that any sequence of n bits can be sorted on this model in O(lg2 n) bit-level delay using O(n) constant fanin gates. This improves the cost complexity of K.E. Batcher's binary sorters (1968) by a factor of O(lg2 n) while matching their sorting time. The only other network that can sort binary sequences in O(n) cost is the network version of columnsort algorithm, but this requires excessive pipelining. In addition, using binary sorters, we construct permutation networks with O(n lg n) bit-level cost and O(lg3 n) bit-level delay. These results provide the asymptotically least-cost practical concentrators and permutation networks to date. We note, of course, that the well-known AKS sorting network has O(lg n) sorting time and O(n lg n) cost, but the constants hidden in these complexities are so large that our complexities outperform those of the AKS sorting network until n becomes extremely large

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Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 6 )